A subdomain is, for example, ‘business’ in business.yourdomain.com.

If you register a domain, you also get all the possible subdomains of that domain.

Subdomains can be very useful: e.g. knowledgebase.mumbaihosting.com is a subdomain of mumbaihosting.com.

If your organization has a sales and a support department, you can create 2 subdomains, sales.yourbusiness.com and support.yourbusiness.com, for these 2 departments. If you have a personal site, you can create friends.yoursite.com, family.yoursite.com, mom.yoursite.com…

You can create easily create subdomains from within your cPanel control panel – ‘Subdomains’ section.

To summarise, A subdomain is an additional part to your main domain name which is created to better organize and navigate to different sections of your website.